SIGNAL Bibliography

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Following is an evolving bibliography of papers using SIGNAL for bioacoustics and other acoustical analysis. The goal is to illustrate the range of SIGNAL applications as well as provide a reference source of SIGNAL methods for researchers.

SIGNAL users are warmly invited to send bibliographies and PDF papers via email to Engineering Design for inclusion in this list.


Baugh, A. and Ryan, M.R. 2010. Temporal updating during phonotaxis in male túngara frogs (Physalaemus pustulosus). Amphibia-Reptilia 31 (2010):449-454.

Beeman, K. 1998. Digital Signal Analysis, Editing, and Synthesis. In Hopp, S.L., Owren, M.J., Evans, C.S. (eds), Animal Acoustic Communication: Sound Analysis and Research Methods. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998.

Bohn, K.M., Boughman, J.W., Wilkinson, G.S., Moss, C.F. 2004. Auditory sensitivity and frequency selectivity in greater spear-nosed bats suggest specializations for acoustic communication. J. Comp. Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 190: 185-192.

Bohn, K.M., Wilkinson, G.S. and Moss, C.F. 2007. Discrimination of infant isolation calls by female greater spear-nosed bats, Phyllostomus hastatus. Anim. Behav. 73:423-432.

Bohn, K. et al 2009. Versatility and Stereotypy of Free-Tailed Bat Songs. PLoS ONE, Vol 4, Iss 8, Aug 2009.

Boughman, J.W. and Wilkinson, G.S.  1998.  Greater spear-nosed bats discriminate group mates by vocalizations.  Anim. Behav. 55:1717-1732.

Clapham, W.M., Fedders, J.M., Beeman, K., Neel, J.P.S. 2011. Acoustic monitoring system to quantify ingestive behavior of free-grazing cattle. Comput. Electron. Agric.(2011).

Clark, C.W., Ellison, W.T., Beeman, K. 1986. Acoustic tracking of migrating bowhead whales. Oceans 86, IEEE Oceanic Eng. Soc., New York: 341- 346.

Clark, C.W., Marler, P., Beeman, K. 1987. Quantitative Analysis of Animal Vocal Phonology: an Application to Swamp Sparrow Song. Ethology, 76, 101-115 (1987)

Cortopassi, K.A. and Bradbury, J.W. 2000. The comparison of harmonically rich sounds using spectrographic cross-correlation and principal coordinates analysis. Bioacoustics, Vol. 11, pp 89-127.

Ellison, W.T., Clark, C.W., Beeman, K. 1986. Acoustic location techniques and calibration methods used during the spring 1984 and 1985 bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus, migrations. Rep. int. Whal. Commn. 36:502.

Ghazanfar, A.A., Smith-Rohrberg, D., Hauser, M.D. 2001. The Role of Temporal Cues in Rhesus Monkey Vocal Recognition: Orienting Asymmetries to Reversed Calls. Brain Behav Evol 2001; 58:163-172.

Hauser, M.D. 1998. Functional referents and acoustic similarity: field playback experiments with rhesus monkeys. Anim Behav, 1998, 55, 1647-1658.

Henry, C.S., Wells, M.L.M., Simon, C.M. 1999. Convergent evolution of courtship songs among cryptic species of the carnea-group of green lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Chrysoperla). Evolution 53: 1165-1179.

Henry, C.S., Brooks, S.J., Johnson, J.B., Duelli, P. 1996. Chrysoperla lucasina (Lacroix): a distinct species of green lacewing, confirmed by acoustical analysis (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Systematic Entomology 21: 205-218.

Hoikkala, A., Päällysaho, S., Aspi, J. & Lumme, J. 2000. Localization of genes affecting species differences in male courtship song between Drosophila virilis and D. littoralis. Genet. Res. Camb. 75: 37-45.

Janik, V.M., Sayigh, L.S., Wells, R.S. 2006. Signature whistle shape conveys identity information to bottlenose dolphins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., Vol 103, no. 21, 8293-8297, May 23, 2006.

Le Prell, C.G., Hauser, M.D., Moody, D.B. 2002. Discrete or graded variation within rhesus monkey screams? Psychophysical experiments on classification. Anim. Behav., 2002, 63, 47-62.

Leong, K.M., Ortolani, A., Burks, K.D., Mellen, J.D., Savage, A. 2003. Quantifying acoustic and temporal characteristics of vocalizations for a group of captive african elephants loxodonta africana. Bioacoustics, Vol. 13, pp 213-231.

Nelson, D.A., Marler, P., Palleroni, A. 1995. A comparative approach to vocal learning: Intraspecific variation in the learning process. Anim. Behav., 1995, 50, 83-97.

Nelson, D.A., Hallberg, K.I., Soha, J.A. 2004. Cultural Evolution of Puget Sound White-Crowned Sparrow Song Dialects. Ethology 110, 879-908 (2004).

Phillips, A.V. and Stirling, I. 2000. Vocal individuality in mother and pup South American fur seals arctocephalus australis. Marine Mam. Sci., 16(3):592-616 (July 2000).

Ritchie, M.G., Townhill, R.M. & Hoikkala, A. 1998. Female preference for fly song: playback experiments confirm the targets of sexual selection. Anim. Behav. 56: 713-717.

Saarikettu, M., Liimatainen, J.O. & Hoikkala, A. 2005. The role of male courtship song in species recognition in Drosophila montana. Behav. Genetics 35: 257-263.

Wilson, M.L., Hauser, M.D., Wrangham, R.W. 2001. Does participation in intergroup conflict depend on numerical assessment, range location, or rank for wild chimpanzees?. Anim Behav, 2001 61, 1203-1216.



Balaban, E. 1997. Changes in multiple brain regions underlie species differences in a complex, congenital behavior. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., Vol 94, 2001-2006, March 1997.

Balaban, E., Desco, M., Vaquero, J-J. 2012. Waking-like Brain Function in Embryos. Current Biology 22, 852-861, May 22, 2012.

Patel, A.D. and Balaban, E. 2000. Temporal patterns of human cortical activity reflect tone sequence structure. Nature 404, 80-84 (2 March 2000).

Smotherman, M. and Metzner, W. 2003. Effects of Echo Intensity on Doppler-Shift Compensation Behavior in Horseshoe Bats. J. Neurophysiol. 89: 814-821, 2003.

Smotherman, M. and Metzner, W. 2005. Auditory-Feedback Control of Temporal Call Patterns in Echolocating Horseshoe Bats. J. Neurophysiol. 1295-1303, 2005.


Behavioral Ecology

Proppe, D.S., Sturdy C.S., St. Clair C.C. 2011. Flexibility in Animal Signals Facilitates Adaptation to Rapidly Changing Environments. PLoS ONE, 6(9), Sep 2011.

Proppe D.S., Sturdy C.S. & St. Clair C.C. 2013. Anthropogenic noise decreases urban songbird diversity and may contribute to homogenization. Global Change Biology. 19(4): 1075-1084.